Grammar, پست

آینده کامل

آینده کامل (Future Perfect ) عبارت است از عملی بین حال و آینده ، که عمل بطور کامل تمام خواهد شد.در زمان آینده کامل به تقریب قطعیت انجام عمل وجود دارد و گویا در زمانی معین انجام خواهد شد. بیایین با مثالی زمان آینده کامل رو بیشتر باز کنیم.


بطور مثال ،در زمان حال کامل دوست شما سارا قصد به سفر چند روزه به اسکاتلند را دارد.او از شما میخواهد که در این چند روز از حیوان خانگی او مراقبت کنین . شما از سارا میپرسید که:

? when will you have arrived

بنابراین زمان برگشت سارا برای شما مهم است!

پس این زمان به عملی در آینده اشاره دارد که در زمانی در اينده به اتمام رسیده است.زمان اینده کامل را در قالب نمودار ببینید:

این تصویر به صورت برداری به این عمل اشاره دارد
Visit friend in Shanghai. Now. Earlier. Later. Friend comes to Beijing. Friend comes to Beijing.

حال بیایم به بررسی ساختار این زمان بپردازیم:

?

ـــ

+

 
Will+ S + have+ verb(p.p) S + will +NOT+ have+ verb(p.p) S + will + have+ verb (p.p)  
Will you have saved…? … I will NOT have saved I will have saved…  

همینطور که مشاده میکنید وجود Will نشانگر آينده بودن زمان و وجود فعل به صورت قسمت سوم نماینگر کامل بودن زمان است

پس چه زمانی از Future perfect استفاده نکنیم؟

زمانی باید از آینده کامل استفاده کنیم که عمل همراه با یک قید زمانی مشخص بیاید در غیر این صورت باید از آینده ساده استفاده کنیم. به عبارت دیگر، این زمان باید با یک deadline همراه باشد.

Correct: I will finish my work.

incorrect: I will have finished my work.

همینطور چندین عبارات رایج که همراه این زمان میآیند عبارت است از:

as soon as by this time
when by the time
at before
from now

برای یادگیری جامع گرامر زبان انگللیسی اینجا کلیک کنید و به فروشگاه ما سر بزنید.

همینطور در این سایت نیز به بررسی این زمان پرداخته است.

بنابراین استفاده صحیح از زمان آینده کامل از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است و حتما باید ساختار مناسب را در کاربرد صحیح بنویسیم و همینطور نباید کاربرد آن را با آینده ساده اشتباه بگیریم. 

امیدوارم که مطالب مفید بوده باشه برای شما و همینطور کاربردی بوده باشه.

 

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