Grammar, پست

صفر تا صد توضیح گرامر آینده کامل | future perfect

زمان آینده کامل یکی از زمان های گرامری زبان انگلیسی است که در آینده صرف میشود. این زمان چندان در روزمزه و محوارات استفاده نمیشود اما یادگیری این زمان رو به زبان آموزان و کسانی که در آزمون ها قصد شرکت دارند رو پیشنهاد میکنم. در ادامه به بررسی کامل توضیح گرامر آینده کامل به لحاظ ساختار و به لحاظ کاربرد خواهیم پرداخت.

آینده کامل (Future Perfect ) زمانی است که به عملی بین حال و آینده ، که عمل بطور کامل تمام خواهد شد.در زمان آینده کامل به تقریب قطعیت انجام عمل وجود دارد و گویا در زمانی معین انجام خواهد شد. بیایین با مثالی زمان آینده کامل رو بیشتر روشن کنیم.

قبل از یادگیری توضیح گرامر آینده کامل (future perfect ) پیشنهاد میکنم ابتدا تسلط به زمان های 

present perfect (حال کامل)

simple future (آینده ساده)

بپردازین.

 


بطور مثال ،در زمان حال کامل دوست شما سارا ، قصد سفر چند روزه به اسکاتلند را دارد. او از شما میخواهد که در این چند روز از حیوان خانگی او مراقبت کنین . شما از سارا میپرسید که:

? when will you have arrived

بنابراین زمان برگشت سارا برای شما مهم است!

پس این زمان به عملی در آینده اشاره دارد که در زمانی در اينده به اتمام رسیده است.زمان اینده کامل را در قالب نمودار ببینید:

توضیح زمان آینده کامل به صورت نمودار

توضیح زمان گرامری آینده کامل در انگلیسی

Visit friend in Shanghai. Now. Earlier. Later. Friend comes to Beijing. Friend comes to Beijing.

حال بیایم به ساختار توضیح گرامر آینده کامل بپردازیم:

?

ـــ

+

 
Will+ S + have+ verb (p.p) S + will +NOT+ have+ verb (p.p) S + will + have+ verb (p.p)  
Will you have saved…? … I will NOT have saved I will have saved…  

همینطور که مشاده میکنید وجود Will نشانگر آينده بودن زمان و وجود فعل به صورت قسمت سوم نماینگر کامل بودن زمان است.

  • You will have watched some moves in this town by the time
  • Our classmates will have shopped junk foods in that market as soon as they feel hungry.
  • Taylor swifts will have sung different kinds of songs, especially modern when audience get ecstasy. 
  • You  will have listened to melodious songs. it seems that You are really into them
  • She will have traveled many countries in all over the world by next year.
  • They will have played Golf in the field by morning by the time
  • The poet standing by the door will have written romantic poems by 10 years.
  • The writer will have written some great texts by a week.
  • when will you have listened to Rock songs ?
  • Sarah will not have quarreled with me by the time.
  • will you have been to this romantic place by this trip?
  • I will have helped him do all his duties as well.by the time
  • His grandpa will have cooked beef with vinegar by next week.
  • We will have have watched the sitcom match on television by two hours later.

 

چه زمانی از Future perfect استفاده کنیم؟

زمانی باید از آینده کامل استفاده کنیم که عمل همراه با یک قید زمانی مشخص بیاید در غیر این صورت باید از آینده ساده استفاده کنیم. به عبارت دیگر، این زمان باید با یک deadline همراه باشد.

Correct: I will finish my work.

incorrect: I will have finished my work.


Correct: She will have looked on the words by two hours.

incorrect: She will look on the words by two hours.


دقت کنید که در جملاتی که استفاده شده است میبایست قیدی مشخص برای این زمان استفاده شود تا حالت زمانی مشخص خود نشان داده شود.

Note : deadline have to be used in Future perfect tense.

سوالی و منفی کردن جملات آینده کامل در انگلیسی

برای منفی کردن زمان آینده کامل (future perfect) میبایسیت لفظ NOT را به اولین فعل کمکی (Will) اضافه میکنیم.

و برای سوالی کردن زمان آینده کامل فعل کمکی Will را ابتدای جمله قرار میدهیم. در نهایت ساختار زمان آینده کامل چنین است:

negative: Sub + will + NOT + have + verb (P.p) .
interrogative: Will + sub + have + verb (P.p) ?

به مثال های زیر که در حالت سوالی و منفی آینده کامل هستند دقت کنید:

  • You will not have watched some moves in this town by the time
  • Our classmates will not have shopped junk foods in that market as soon as they feel hungry.
  • Taylor swifts will not have sung different kinds of songs, especially modern when audience get ecstasy. 
  • You  will not have listened to melodious songs. it seems that You are really into them
  • She will not have traveled many countries in all over the world by next year.
  • They will not have played Golf in the field by morning by the time
  • The poet standing by the door will not have written romantic poems by 10 years.
  • The writer will not have written some great texts by a week.
  • when will you have listened to Rock songs ?
  • Sarah will not have quarreled with me by the time.
  • will you have been to this romantic place by this trip?
  • I will not have helped him do all his duties as well.by the time
  • His grandpa will not have cooked beef with vinegar by next week.
  • We will not have have watched the sitcom match on television by two hours later.
  • will you have saved a thousand dollar by the end of year?
  • What will you have done by tonight?

قید های مورد نیاز برای آینده کامل 

usable deadlines and adverbs for future perfect tense

as soon as by this time
when by the time
at before
from now

دقت کنید که این عبارات میتواند برای future perfect استفاده شود و جایگاه آنها در انتهای جمله میباشد.

بنابراین استفاده صحیح از زمان آینده کامل از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار است و حتما باید ساختار مناسب را در کاربرد صحیح بنویسیم و همینطور نباید کاربرد آن را با آینده ساده اشتباه بگیریم. 

 

 

 

توضیح مجهول آینده کامل به طور جامع و مفید

برای مجهول کردن زمان های گرامری ، باید مفعول در ابتدای جمله قرار بگیرد. ( اگر مسلط به مجهول کردن زمان های گرامری نیستید به صفحه طریقه مجهول کردن زمان های گرامری حتماااا مراجعه کنید)

پس از اینکه مفعول را ابتدای به جای فاعل قرار دادین ، لفظ BEEN را پس از have قرار دهین. به این مثال دقت کنید.

جمله معلوم : I will have  saved one million dollar by 2026.

جمله مجهول : One million dollar will have been saved by 2026.

 

پکیج ها و دوره های پیشنهادی انگلشورلد – englshworld به زبان اموزان و دانشجویان زبان انگلیسی

پکیج یادگیری گرامر جامع و کاربردی زبان انگلیسی 

دوره لغت و اصطلاحات جامع آمریکایی 
برای دوره ها و کلاس های آنلاین زبان انگلیسی در هر مقطعی و در هر سطحی با ما در تماس باشین

امیدوارم که توضیح گرامر آینده کامل براتون مفید بوده باشه و بتونین به خوبی از پس این زمان در موقعیت های مناسب بربیایین . همیشه شاد و سلامت باشین 

همینطور در این سایت نیز به بررسی این زمان پرداخته است.

 

 

 

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