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اصطلاحات – idioms

اصطلاحات و ضرب المثل ها عباراتی هستند که دقیقا معنای خود کلمات در عبارت وجود ندارند و عموما عبارات و اصطلاحات معنای دیگری دارند. 

این عبارات میتوانند به صورت گفتاری یا نوشتاری باشند. نکته مهم دیگر این است که اغلب اصطلاحات انگلیسی نمیتواند به زبان فارسی ترجمه مستقیم شود اما معادل سازی قطعا میشود.

در این قسمت ما به توضیح اصطلاح و فعل چند قسمتی get پرداختیم تا آشنایی بیشتری پیدا کنیم. همینطور باید به این نکته توجه داشت که مفهوم اصطلاحات را تنها با دانستن لغات بکار برده شده در آن نمیتوان حدس زد.

idiom:To get in/get on

to enter to board a vehicle.to get in is used for cars

get on is used for all other forms transportation.

 get out of/to get off:

to leave or to descend from a vehicle .the first one is for car but the other one is used for other transportation.

 get in/get out:

وارد و یا سوار شدن به وسیله ی نقلیه ای استفاده میشوند.  اما تفاوت آن ها در این است که to get in برای ماشین بکار برده میشود اما to get on برای وسیله نقلیه ای های بزرگ نظیر اتوبوس و … استفاده میشود.

idiom:To get out of/to get off:

به خارج شدن ویا پیاده شدن از وسیله نقلیه ای گفته میشود.

از عبارت to get out of  برای پیاده شدن از ماشین و از عبارت get off از پیاده شدن و خارج شدن وسیله های نقلیه ی بزرگتر استفاده میشود.

 

در این قسمت دوباره میخواهیم چند اصطلاح رایج زبان انگلیسی را یاد بگیریم:

 

 

Hit the sack 1 به معنای رفتن به رخت خواب و خوابیدن


2 Twist someone’s arm به معنای کسی را متقاعد کردن به انجام کاری است یا راضی کردن شخصی به انجام کاری

به این مثال دقت کنید:

after all those argument of leaving or staying, you’ve finally twisted my arms to stay.

بعد از آن همه بحث و جدل بین ماندن و رفتن ، منو راضی کردی که بمونم.


3 lose your touch به معنای عدم توانایی کاری که در گذشته میتوانستیم انجام دهیم.

 


 

4 Sit tight به معنای به آرامی و صبوری منتظر چیزی بودن 

if you sometime go to police office in order to visit somebody, you shall sit tight.


5 make a face به معنای دهن کجی کردن 


6 it cost arms and legs به معنای بسیار گران بودن چیزی میباشد

 

to look up more info about phrasal verbs click here.

بر روی لغت و اصطلاحات روزمره کلیک کنید تا با اصطلاحات جامع و کاربردی بیشتر آشنا شوید.

 

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