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افعال چند قسمتی – Phrasal verbs

افعال عبارتی(Phrasal verbs) یا چند قسمتی در انگلیسی. افعال چند قسمتی(Phrasal verbs) متشکل از یک فعل و حرف اضافه میباشد که در این بخش به توضیح کامل این افعال میپردازیم.

Phrasal verbs

این افعال عبارت اند از افعالی که از ترکیب فعل با حرف اضافه یا قید ساخته میشود.این افعال معمولا معنایی کاملا متفاوت با فعل اصلی دارند.


ساختار گرامری

این افعال دقیقا همانند یک فعل ساده در نشز گرفته میشود . از آنجا که هیچ قانون یکپارچه ای برای مشخص کردن معنا و مفهوم آن درنظر گرفته نمیشود،نمیتوان آنرا حدس زد.

به این مثال دقت کنید:

کلمه Look  معنای نگریستن . دیدن میدهد. حال بیایم یک حرف اضافه بطور مثال “After” رو بعد از این فعل ساده بیاوریم و در جمله قرار دهیم:

My aunt almost has been looking after her son for 5 years.

آیا میتونین بگین چه معنایی میدهد؟

درست است! معنای پرستاری کردن و مراقبت کردن از کسی را میدهد.

معنای جمله: خاله ی من نزدیک به ۵ سال است که از پسرش مراقبت میکند.

البته گاهی هم این افعال دو قسمتی مترادف هایی دارند.

She broke up with his husband last week

او هفته قبل از همسرش جدا شد

She ended her relationship with him last week.

او ارتباطش را با همسرش هفته قبل تمام کرد

خب امیدوارم که مفید بوده باشه براتون.

دوستان یک مبحث مهم هم از این بخش باقی مونده که براتون پستش میکنم تحت عنوان افعال جدا شدنی . افعال جدا نشدنی.( افعال تفکیک پذیر و ناپذیر)

برای یادگیری جامع گرامر زبان انگلیسی اینجا کلیک کنید. و در این صفحه نیز به توضیح کامل افعال چند قستی پرداخته است.

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