Grammar, پست

افعال to be به طور جامع با مثال

افعال to be

افعال to be ، افعالی هستند که همگی ما در ابتدای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی با آن ها آشنا میشویم. عزیزان توجه کنید که افعال to be در عین اینکه واقعا ساده هستند . طرز استفاده از آن ها بسیار آسان است، نکاتی دارد که باید به آن ها توجه کرد.

در این بخش به طور کامل به بررسی کاربرد های افعال to be و طرز استفاده از ساختار مناسب افعال to be میپردازیم:

افعال to be عبارت اند از:

past participle (present( to be past
been am-is-are was-were

 

در جدول افعال to be ، در زمان گذشته waswere ایفای نقش می کند،

در زمان حال و آینده amisare ،

و در حالت صفت مفعولی یا قسمت سوم فعل been استفاده میشود.

 مثال برای افعال to be : 

present time

I am a student.

You are a student.

He is a student.

She is a student.

We are students.

You are students.

They are  students.

 

past time

I was so keen on watching this video.

You were so keen on watching this video.

She was so keen on watching this video.

He was so keen on watching this video.

We were so keen on watching this video.

You were so keen on watching this video.

They were so keen on watching this video.

 

present participle = being

I am being selfish.

He is being selfish.

She is being selfish.

We are being selfish.

You are being selfish.

They are being selfish.

 

past participle = been

I have been to Tehran for five years. 

You been to Tehran for five years. 

He has been to Tehran for five years. 

She has been to Tehran for five years. 

We have been to Tehran for five years. 

They have been to Tehran for five years. 

 

    to be verbs به عنوان فعل اصلی(عادی)

(to be as an ordinary verb)

فعل to be معمولا دلالت بر وجود هستی یک شخص و یا یک شی است.

1 معمولا برای معرفی و مشخص کردن شخص و شی بکار میبرد.

  • The cat is in the yard
  • Gold is valuable for people
  • Sarah was fat before
  • You have been to Shiraz for awhile

3 فعل to be برای there is و there are

  • There is such a strange car in down street.
  • There are so many sleepy soldiers in office.
  • There is one chair in the house
  • There are five Iranian students in my class.
  • There are some new cafes in the center of town.
  • There is a new restaurant next to the school. It serves some perfect Italian food.
  • There is a geography book in my shelf , please study it for a little time.
  • There are three lap tops on the table witch are all burnt out.
  • There are couple of people in classroom.
  • There are some lions playing with each other.
  • There are many pens I want to write down with.
  • There are several books that she always wanted to read.

 

2 فعل to be  به عنوان فعل کمکی (to be verbs used as auxiliary)

گاهی فعل to be  به عنوان فعل کمکی کاربرد دارد و مورد استفاده موارد زیر قرار میگیرد:

افعال to be میتوانند در زمان  زمان استمرای به عنوان فعل کمکی استفاده شود. به مثال های زیر دقت بفرمایید :

  • I am listening to a new podcast.
  • You are listening to a new podcast
  • He is listening to a new podcast
  • She is listening to a new podcast
  • We are listening to a new podcast
  • They are listening to a new podcast
  • I may be working whole the night.
  • She can be working whole the night
  • He must be coming home with his SUV .

 

 

 

3 افعال کمکی to be در ساختن جملات مجهول بکار می رود.

نکته مهم: در جملاتی که فعل های اصلی آن ها به حالت قسمت سوم یا past participle دقیقا بعد از افعال to be قرار می گیرند، قطعا جملات مجهول به ما میدهند.

  • I was invited to party last night.

دیشب به مهمانی دعوت شدم.


  • She was added to a new channel teaching some skills to learn English language.

او به کانالی اضافه شده بود که مهارت هایی برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی آموزش میداد.


  • The computer was booted to its best version

کامپیوتر به بهترین نسخه خودش ارتقا یافت.


  • what was being built in the city center?

در مرکز شهر چه چیزی در حال ساخت بود ؟


  • This bill is rung everyday

این زنگ هرروز به صدا درمیآید.


نوعی از کاربرد فعل to be  که به دنبال مصدر با to  میاد و کاربردی مثل عملی مقرر و برنامه ریزی شده است.و تنها در دو زمان آینده و گذشته بکار میرود.

I am to go shopping with Sarah this evening

امروز عصر قراره با سارا خرید کنم.

Michael & his friend were to do the dishes

مایکل و دوستش میبایست ظرف هارا میشستند

کاربرد افعال to be در شرایط مختلف

افعال to be و نحوه ی استفاده از آن ها در جملات مثبت ، منفی و سوالی

 

خلاصه ای درباره افعال to be و کاربرد آن به صورت جامع در زبان انگلیسی

افعال to be فعل هایی هستند که هم میتوانند در شرایطی تنها فعل جمله باشند و هم میتوانند فعل کمکی جمله باشند. (مطالعه بیشتر در این باره)

افعال to be  در صورتی که تنها فعل جمله باشند به توصیف و معرفی فاعل می پردازند. برای مثال:

I am an English student.

She is a nurse from Japan. 

They are some workers who prepared for building the house .

 

مورد دیگر که از افعال to be استفاده میشود برای زمان های گرامری حال استمراری و گذشته استمراری به عنوان فعل کمکی و در واقع نشانگر زمانی است. به این مثال ها دقت کنید:

she is writing a novel.

They are not playing the piano.

while we are trying hard for the exams , you are just relaxing.

I am typing some great note here 😉

 

افعال to be نیز در جملات مجهول نیز کاربرد دارند. 

she is invited to a party I guess.

I am made to clean all the rooms till night.

Eggs and lettuce were eaten by Ali and Sarah.

یادگیری مطالب فوق در یوتیوب 

دوستان عزیز این تمام نکاتی بود که باید در مورد افعال to be میدانستید. امیدوارم که مفید بوده باشه براتون و حتما نظرتون رو برای ما در دیدگاه قرار بدین. ممنون از شما 

 

همینطور برای یادگیری اطلاعات بیشتر نیز در مورد این زمان به این سایت مراجعه کنید

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