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کالوکیشن در انگلیسی – collocation

در این بخش به توضیح چند collocation با back and forth میپردازیم. در ابتدا کلمه collocation را تعریف کنیم. کالوکیشن در انگلیسی عبارت است از:

 

in linguistics, the tendency of certain words to occur together in speech or writing with more frequency than chance would predict, or the particular ways that words tend to combine with each other within a particular language.

کالوکیشن در انگلیسی گروهی از کلمات هستند که تمایل دارند که همراه هم بیایند و معنی به عبارت حاضر بدهند زبانشناسی این موضوع را مطرح گرده است. به عبارت دیگر کالوکیشین که در زبان فارسی به همآیند ترجمه شده، کلماتی است که باهم میایند. 

کلماتی مثل گیاه خوار ، گوشت خوار، از دسته از این موارد در فارسی هستند که که این کلمات کنار هم معنایی تازه دارند.

اکنون در عبارات زیر collocation های back & forth را توضیح میدهیم.( در این قسمت به توضیح phrasal verbs پرداخته ایم)

حال به چند مثال از کالوکیشن در انگلیسی بپردازیم:

in a backward and forward motion

e.x :

1. the restless lion kept pacing back and forth along the front its cage.

2.Grandmother finds it relaxing to sit in her rocking chair and move back and forth.

back up

to drive or go backwards (s); defend ,to support (s) ; return to a previous thoughts

e.x:

1. I couldn’t back my car up because there was a bicycle in the driveway behind me.

2. wait a minute . could you back up and say that again?

back out

to drive a vehicle out of a parking space(s) ;to withdraw support , to fail to fulfill a promise or obligation

e.x:

1. the parking lot attendant had to back another car out before he could get to mine.

break up

to stop dating

e. x : Leo and Sarah just broke up after dating for three years.

to break out

to become widespread suddenly

If a nuclear war ever breaks out , it is unlikely that many people will survive.

این سایت نیز به بررسی کالوکیشن ها نیز پرداخته است.

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