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مقاله ای جامع درباره صفت در انگلیسی – Adjective

انواع صفت در انگلیسی

صفت یکی از انواع  اجزای کلام در انگلیسی است. در این بخش به توضیح کامل درباره گرامر صفت در انگلیسی و انواع آن در عبارات می پردازیم.

تعریف صفت در انگلیسی : صفت کلمه ایست که به وصف اسم و ضمیر میپردازد. صفت در زبان انگلیسی انوع گوناگونی دارد

صفت در انگلیسی انواعی دارد که عبارت اند از :

صفت خاص 1.Proper adjective
صفت توصیفی 2.descriptive adj
صفت کمی 3.Quantitative adj
صفت عددی 4.Numeral adj
صفت اشاره 5.Demonstrative adj
صفت توزیعی 6.Distributive adj
صفت مالکیت 7.Possessive adj
صفت استفهامی 8.Interrogative adj

توضیح هر یک از انواع صفات :

 توضیح Proper adjectives (صفات خاص): این دسته از صفات، از اسامی خاص مشتق میگیرند و همیشه ابتدای آن با حرف بزرگ میباشد.
  • A French student
  • A Iranian hero
  • Tehran university
  • She was a Marxist.
  • I guess There is nothing called Platonic love. 
  • He was a Serbian player. 
  • Italian and Japanese cars are wonderful.
  • Do you figure out the Kantian ethics?
  • She knows Kentuckian rifle. 
  • The African jungles are extremely important to human lives.
  • Conventional English  is not similar to Texan English
  • Mexican roads are so amazing to drive on.

 

توضیح Descriptive adjectives (صفات توصیفی) : صفات توصیفی چگونگی یا حالت (quality & state) اشیا یا اشخاص را روشن میسازد.
  • a great king
  • a talented mind
  • a wise girl
  • a tough road
  • a black horse
  • I bought that red big grammar book.
  • She sold the old touring car.
  • I have  broken expensive old silver mirror.
  • Sarah has given me some gorgeous yellow roses.
  • She wanted to buy a diamond ring.
  • She is really into golden plates.
  • We want to throw a surprise party for my mother.

این کلمات که به پر رنگ نوشته شده اند ، صفات توصیفی هستند که کیفیت اسم یا عبارت اسمی را مشخص میکنند.

 

توضیح Quantitative adjectives (صفات کمی): این دسته،به کمیت اسم قبل خود می پردازند .دقت کنید کمیت میتواند تعداد یا مقدار باشد و مهمترین آنان این کلمات هستند:
تعداد کم Few مقدار کم little
تعداد زیاد Many مقدار زیاد much
کافی Enough مقداری/تعدادی Some
هیچ Any هیچ no
همه Whole نصف half
چندین Several کافی sufficient
  • Neither of them performs well in the match and finally we lost it.
  • Each of you should be aware of what you are saying.
  • Neither of you were not aware of what you were saying.
  • Not many people could deserve their right.
  • She won’t get any coordinates to move forward.
  • I don’t feel confident enough to perform my music track in front of people in hall.
  • I have got  some idea of how to make a suitable nest for birds.
  • It needs around 30 chairs in class to present my lecture. 
توضیح Numeral adjectives (صفت عددی): صفات عددی معین که تعداد و شمار اشخاص و اشیا و یا تزتیب قرار گرفتن آن ها را بیان دارد که به نوع تقسیم میشود :

1.صفات معین (definite numbers: A) اعداد اصلی    B) اعداد ترتیبی    C) اعداد تکثیر

 

 

a)One, two, three ,…

b)first, second, third ,…

c)single, double, treble ,…

2. صفات نامعین (indefinite numbers)

صفات عددی غیر معین:

مثل: some, any ,few , enough,…

بطور نا مشخص صفات غیر عددی را مشخص میکند.

توضیح demonstrative adjectives (صفات اشاره): صفات اشاره برای اشاره به دور و نزدیک بکار می رود و همینطور این بخش هم به صفات معین و نامعین تقسیم میشود.

 

برای مثال: شخصی که برای ما مشخص است و هدف صحبت ما از آن در (this boy) آشکار است.پس لفظ this سبب معین شدن اسم ما میشود.

حال به این مثال توجه کنید:

A woman is coming.

حال صفت اشاره نامعین است،اشاره به شخصی(زنی) دارد که به گفتار خودمان معرفه نیست.

بنابراین صفات اشاره معین عبارت اند از:

Plural Singular
The The
These This
Those That
Such such
The same The same
The other   The other
  • I would like to have those gorgeous cars.
  • I will propose her that day.
  • These bananas are so delicious .
  • I always remember that great incident.
  • Those people are so stingy I guess .
  • I hope you to give me money at this moment.
  • She cannot cope with situation she has at that time . 
  • Those dogs are so wild in the town.
  • This pen is thicker than that blue pen.
  • would you please grant her that loan we have already talked about?
  • That cell phone is out of style and you need to buy this one.
توضیح صفات ملکی(possessive adjective): این صفات عبارت است از مالکیت و تعلقات شخصی یا چیزی نسبت به شخص یا چیز دیگر .

این صفات همیشه همراه اسم( عبارت اسمی) بکار میرود و به تنهایی بکار نمیرود.

Our My
Your Your
Their Her/his

e.x:

  • His car
  • My teacher is the best of all
  • Our team is really perfect
  • I know your boss!! !he is too strict.
  • She introduces him to her friends gladly .
  • My car is the fastest one.
  • Your computer is so powerful. 
  • The players try their best to  win the match.
  • This is my mistake. I don’t have to be here.
  • The main reason to be a here for him is his braveness. 
  • He has a first-aid kit in His bag.
  • I appreciate her thought. it’s great.
  • They have decided to take a tour of their village .
  • His feeling about being in top 5 would be perfect.
  • her opinion is also useful for all students.
  • Every single thing does matter in your personal life.
  • I sat in this place for a long time, and I cannot feel my legs well.
  • You actually have to gift something at your friend’s anniversary.

 

توضیح Interrogative adjectives (صفت استفهامی): و در نتیجه این دسته از صفات از کلمات پرسشی قبل از اسم بکار میرود.

 

  • Which house have you chosen?
  • what alley is it ?
  • Which team won the play in the last match?
  • Which student did get A in the test yesterday?
  • What recipe did you use to make this Mexican dish?
  • Which animal is vertebral ?
  • Which song is Sarah listening to?
  • What food did you order from the restaurant?
  • Which topics is better to discuss for English learners?
  • Whose shirt are you putting on?
  • Which car were you driving when I saw you?
  • انواع صفت

    انواع صفت در انگلیسی

 

در این سایت نیز به بررسی نکاتی در مورد صفت در انگلیسی adjective پرداخته است

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